Configure Direct Cost Applied
  • 25 May 2023
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Configure Direct Cost Applied

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Article Summary

Configure Direct Cost Applied on General Posting Setup Table

Use Case: How to configure the General Posting Setup for a Retail or Wholesale Item Distribution company by mapping the correct G/L Accounts to Sales, Purchase, Inventory, Direct Cost Applied, and Cost of Goods Sold accounts.


In the Cronus company, the Chart of Accounts is missing General Ledger Accounts that would provide more insight into the retail company’s operating performance. On the General Posting Setup, you can create and select G/L Accounts for each category. In the Cronus Company, the Direct Cost Applied Account was not mapped correctly. It is mapped to the Inventory Account when it should have been mapped to a G/L account called Direct Cost Applied.

Step 1:

Copy the Cronus USA company to Cronus DCA (Direct Cost Applied) so we are demonstrating two identical databases.

In the Cronus USA company, we will Post a Purchase Order and Sales Order identical to transactions in the Cronus DCA company. We will then compare the Chart of Accounts in Both companies. On the General Posting Setup Table, notice the Purchases Account AND Direct Cost Applied are both mapped to Inventory G/L 10700 and will show how this is incorrect after posting both the Purchase and Sales transactions. To simplify the transactions, no sales tax has been charged:

Step 2:

To demonstrate how these transactions post to the General Ledger; on the Inventory Setup Page, enable Automatic Cost Posting and set Automatic Cost Adjustment to Always.

If Automatic Cost posting is not enabled, two functions will need to be performed: Adjust Cost – Item Entries and Post Inventory Cost to G/L. Create and post the following Purchase and Sales Orders:

Step 3:

In the Cronus USA company; on the Chart of Accounts, these transactions will appear on G/L Account No: 10700, 40200, and 50100:

This is how the posting algorithm works in Business central:

Purchases                                                                                         Sales

1.    Debit - Inventory                                                                        Credit - Inventory

2.    Credit - Direct Cost Applied (Contra Purchases account).       Debit - Cost of Goods Sold

3.    Debit - Purchases                                                                       Credit - Sales

4.    Credit - Accounts Payable                                                          Debit - Accounts Receivables

Since the General Posting Setup has been mapped incorrectly on purchases, Inventory (G/L 10700) is debited $4,684.20 for Item 1896-S, then credited $4,684.20 instead of posting to Direct Cost Applied. Finally, the System Debits Inventory again for Purchases (Items 1896-S and 1968-S) $5,572.80 In the Business Central system, Debits are positive, and Credits are negative.


On the Sales transaction, Inventory (G/L 10700) is credited $4,684.20 for Item 1896-S, then debited $4,684.20 to Cost of Goods Sold. The System then credits Income, product Sales for Items 1896-S and 1968-S $7,145.40

Step 4:

In the Cronus USA Copy company; the correct way to map these accounts are as follows:

 On the Chart of Accounts, create accounts for Purchases G/L 50010 and Direct Cost Applied G/L 50050. Because Direct Cost Applied is a Contra Purchases account and always nets to zero, this allows the User to see the total of Item purchases without affecting the Cost of Goods section Totals in the Chart of Accounts:

The new G/L accounts are mapped to the General Posting Setup table for the Purchases Account and the Direct Cost Applied Account:

Step 5:

Since the Cronus USA Copy company is an identical database to the Cronus USA company, the number series will advance to the identical Purchase Order and Sales Order numbers. Create and post the same Purchase and Sales Orders as above.

Step 6:

On the Chart of Accounts in the Cronus USA Copy company, you can see how the System posts to the Purchases and Direct Cost Applied accounts which are offset on the Income Statement. As mentioned before, these two accounts do not affect the Gross Profit calculation on G/L Account 60000:

Step 7:

On the Inventory Account, the Purchase transaction posts correctly. The Sales Transaction posts the same as in the original transaction:

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